As we grow old we start losing our functioning capability, this is associated to decline of body physiological functioning that leads to loss of body muscle mass, low metabolism decreased cardiac output among other vital functionalities the consequence is the inability to efficiently perform physical activities which continues to decline as your age advances. Although aging is a natural process and is inevitable, the physiological effects of aging can be slowed down through proper and regular physical activities, it is worth noting the senior population is categorized as a high-risk group, and therefore they need a tailored fitness program that meets individual needs. Seniors mainly need assistance with basic activities such as feeding, dressing, and bathing these challenges can be tackled using personalized exercises that address these challenges, this article highlights some physical exercises that can be used to help seniors to improve their day to day living.
The senior population face challenges in doing simple tasks of daily living (ADL) like feeding, dressing, bathing as well as instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) such as cooking, shopping, and other home chores, because of aging-related chronic conditions like arthritis that significantly affect their flexibility, decreased muscle mass making it challenging for this group to withstand physical exertions for a considerable amount of time, heart conditions that put them on cardiac arrest risk among other things that make it hard to engage them in a regular exercise program. To assist the senior population to regain their independence design a tailored exercise program that emphasizes flexibility and targeting small muscle groups such as fingers and palms, this can promote their ADL and IADL considerably if the program is utilized effectively.
One of the ideal exercises senior group can benefit from are aerobics, low to moderate intensity aerobics can improve the cardiovascular system of this population, some of the recommended aerobic activities include walking, hydrodynamics exercises, swimming and cycling it is good to regularly monitor this group when exercising and assess their physiological changes such as heart rate, blood pressure and rating of perceived exertion, this is important to ensure they are exercising within recommended intensity for their safety, where applicable collect the exercise data which you can use to design an improved exercise regimen to ensure progress in their exercise routine which are safe and reliable.
Because a good number of senior groups have Alzheimer’s or other degenerative brain conditions, engaging them in ADL and IADL has been established to slow this condition, activities such as walking, dancing, and cooking have been seen quite effective. You can use highlighted exercises to design a good exercise program for the senior population.